Preparation and Properties of Nano-ZnO/ Organic Fluorine Modified Polyacrylate Finishing Agent

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Zhihui Sui Jinglong San Xuedong Wu Jingbin Zhang Lingfang Sun

Abstract

A nano-ZnO/organic fluorine-modified polyacrylate leather finishing agent was prepared using a mixture of a Silyl-modified nano-ZnO, dodecafluoroheptyl methacrylate (DFMA), methyl methacrylate (MMA) and butyl acrylate (BA) as raw materials. A semi-continuous seeded emulsion polymerization followed. The overall research objective was to improve the bacteriostatic, hydrophobicity and anti-aging properties of leather articles. The structure of the composite emulsion and its film were characterized and analyzed by FT-IR, TEM and XPS. The results showed that the latex particles had an obvious core-shell structure, a smooth surface and were monodisperse. The particle size of the emulsion ranged between 30 and 50 nm. The average value of Zeta potential was -40.1 mV which signified a good emulsion stability. The composite emulsion and its film had good UV resistance and water resistance. When the content of organic fluorine in the film was a maximum 20 %, the contact angle of a water drop on the finished leather, tensile strength and tear strength were 133.48°, 620 N and 61 N, respectively. When the content of nano-ZnO in the film was 1.0%, the average width of antibacterial band of finished leather was 2.1 mm. The finished leather also demonstrated a good anti-aging property.

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