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In order to investigate the change of chemical bonds between tanning agents and collagen molecules directly, hide powder tanned by aluminum, silicon and phosphorus tanning agents were prepared. The chemical shifts of Al, Si and P in tanned hide powder were analyzed by solid-state 27Al NMR, 29Si NMR and 31P NMR. The results showed that, the chemical shift of Al in aluminum tanned hide powder which interacted with collagen molecules through coordination bond could be regarded as unchanging after hydrothermal denaturation (only slightly moved to high field area). The chemical shift of Si in silicon tanned hide powder which interacted with collagen molecules through hydrogen bond did not change after hydrothermal denaturation. The chemical shift of P in phosphorus tanned hide powder, which interacted with collagen molecules through covalent bond, was obviously shifted to the high field area after hydrothermal denaturation.