The Effect of Pacifiers on Speech and Language Production

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Ellyn Bernard Dawn Girten


By Ellyn Bernard, CSD

Advisor: Dawn Girten

Presentation ID: AM_C16

Abstract: The purpose of this research study is to help gather significant articles and studies to create a clearer guideline for parents and health professionals on the use of pacifiers in infants and children. It is an important topic because the prevalence of pacifier use is widespread in the United States and around the world. A Canadian study reported that up to 84% of infants use a nonnutritive device. (Ponti, 2003) The research focuses on the effect of pacifiers on speech and language production. This includes side effects from oral dentition malocclusion, otitis media and thus overall hindrance of phoneme production. The frequency and duration of the use of the nonnutritive device plays a large factor in the risks associated with its use. (Nelson, 2012) I will describe the risks and recommended usage of pacifiers or nonnutritive devices. Nelson, A. M. (2012). A Comprehensive Review of Evidence and Current Recommendations Related to Pacifier Usage. Journal of Pediatric Nursing,27(6), 690-699. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2012.01.004 Ponti, M. (2003). Recommendations for the use of pacifiers. Paediatrics & Child Health,8(8), 515-519. doi:10.1093/pch/8.8.515

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AM Poster Session -- Great Hall -- C: Teaching & Learning