Orthographic Processing and Reading


  • Jonathan Grainger


I will argue that processing letter identities and letter positions occupies a central interface between visual and linguistic processing during reading. This is primarily due to the fact that reading words in languages that use an alphabetic script is essentially letter-based. Information about letter identities and letter positions provides the gateway to whole-word written representations, to morphemes such as prefixes and suffixes, and to sound based representations. I will first summarize work on letter identification processes before describing mechanisms for parallel letter processing during single word reading. Finally, I will describe recent work demonstrating parallel processing of written information spanning several words during sentence reading.

Author Biography

Jonathan Grainger

Jonathan Grainger graduated from Manchester University, UK, before obtaining his PhD in Experimental Psychology in Paris, France, in 1986. He became a CNRS research scientist at the Laboratoire de Psychologie Expérimentale, Paris, in 1988, and founded and directed (2000-2011) the Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive in Marseille. His research focuses on understanding basic processes in written word comprehension during reading.