Increased Interleukin-1 Signaling and Reactive Astrogliosis Following Blast-induced Traumatic Brain Injury

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Poornima Gopalan Matthew Robson

Abstract

By Poornima Gopalan, Neuroscience


Advisor: Matthew Robson


Presentation ID: AM_D15


Abstract: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) affects nearly 2.8 million people in the United States annually, resulting in nearly 250,000 hospitalizations, 50,000 deaths, and an estimated annual cost of 70 billion dollars. Currently, there are no FDA approved medications to combat the chronic effects of TBI. Those affected offer suffer from chronic neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. Neuroinflammation is characteristic of brain trauma and results in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1_ (IL-1_) and interleukin-1_ (IL-1_). We hypothesize that the acute inflammatory signaling involving interleukin-1 (IL-1) post-TBI drives the behavioral alterations related to the generation of neuropsychiatric disorders. To test this hypothesis, adult C57Bl/6J mice underwent TBI or sham (control) treatments using a murine model of blast-induced TBI. Acute TBI resulted in increased righting reflex times, decreases in locomotor activity and increases in despair-like behavior. Further, an increase in cortical and hippocampal il-1_, il-1_ and il-1 receptor type 1 (il-1r1) mRNA expression was observed in comparison to sham mice. Further, TBI resulted in increased mRNA expression of the astrocytic marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (gfap) as compared to sham animals' post-injury, indicative of reactive astrogliosis. Future studies are aimed at understanding the role of IL-1 signaling in the central nervous system (CNS) using conditional IL-1R1 knockout mice. This research may provide information about potential drug targets to treat those with TBI.

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Section
AM Poster Session -- Great Hall -- D: New Frontiers