Evaluating a Green Schoolyard Transformation

A Protocol Utilizing the RE-AIM Framework


  • Dana Engel Gerstein
  • Carolyn R. Bates
  • Amy M. Bohnert


green schoolyards, RE-AIM evaluation framework, equitable built environment, access to green space, health promotion strategy


Increasing access to quality outdoor space in low-income communities may lead to a host of child, community, and environmental benefits. The Space to Grow initiative transforms barren schoolyards in low-income communities across Chicago into vibrant green spaces for children and community members to play and learn among natural elements. This paper presents the Space to Grow health and wellness evaluation protocol designed to assess the five dimensions of the RE-AIM framework (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance; King et al, 2010), which assesses the comprehensive public health impact of green schoolyards on children and their communities and the transferability of the various elements of the initiative.